CBT- Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
CBT or Cognitive behavioral therapy is a psychotherapeutic approach, a talking therapy that aims to solve problems concerning dysfunctional emotions, behaviors and cognitions through a goal-oriented, systematic procedure. There is empirical evidence that CBT is effective for the treatment of a variety of problems, including mood, anxiety, personality, eating, substance abuse, and psychotic disorder. It is used in individual therapy as well as group settings, and the techniques are often adapted for self-help applications.
Approaches and Systems of CBT
CBT includes a variety of approaches and therapeutic systems; some of the most well known include cognitive therapy, rational emotive behavior therapy and multimodal therapy. Defining the scope of what constitutes a cognitive–behavioral therapy is a difficulty that has persisted throughout its development. The particular therapeutic techniques vary within the different approaches of CBT according to the particular kind of problem issues, but commonly may include keeping a diary of significant events and associated feelings, thoughts and behaviors; questioning and testing cognitions, assumptions, evaluations and beliefs that might be unhelpful and unrealistic; gradually facing activities which may have been avoided; and trying out new ways of behaving and reacting.
Problems with CBT
CBT is a collaborative effort between the therapist and the client. But sometimes few problems occurred while doing CBT. It is not a quick fix. A therapist is like a personal trainer that advises and encourages – but can’t do it for you. If you are feeling low, it can be difficult to concentrate and get motivated. To overcome anxiety, you need to confront it. This may lead you to feel more anxious for a short time. A good therapist will pace your sessions. You decide what you do together, so you stay in control. Many a times CBT therapists assign reading assignments and encourage their clients to practice the techniques learned which is rather a better way.